The Patratu Valley in Ramgarh District, one of many of Jharkhand’s majestic views
Much of the state of Jharkhand is covered by forest reserves – conveyed in its name that is Hindi for ‘bushland’ – that are inhabited by native Indian tiger and Asian elephant populations. The Palamau Tiger Reserves, Hazaribag Wildlife Sanctuary and Betla National Park are among many organisations that are home to many diverse species of animals, birds, fish, flora, fauna and insects. Apart from this greenery, the state’s landscape also boasts natural rock sculptures and different types of soil.
Though Jharkhand was carved out of the state of Bihar in November 2000, writers such as Gautam Kumar Bera claim that a geo-political and cultural entity, which was also known as Jharkhand, existed even before the great Magadha Empire even came into power from the 684 BCE. The descendents of Maharaja Phanimukut Rai ruled present day Jharkhand for two millennia before the country of India gained its independence in 1947.
The culture of Jharkhand stems from customs of various ethnic communities, such as the Santhals, the Dravidian Oraon tribe, the Munda people and the Kharia, a primitive Kolarian tribe. This has made Jharkhand one of the most diverse states in India.
Many ethnic communities of Jharkhand are master weavers of Tussar silk. The government incorporated Jharkhand Silk Textile and Handicraft Development Corporation (JHARCRAFT) in 2006 to support its local weavers and artisans of wild Tussar silk in the rural countryside. Jharkhand’s Kharsawa district is the state’s central location for Tussar silk and its artisans, accounting for as much as 40% of India’s Tussar silk production. Kosa is the Sanskrit name for the naturally golden hued Tussar silk, which has been described as having a rich yet delicately airy texture. The feel of Tussar silk has made it internationally renowned, a favourite of many international designers across Asia, Europe, America and the Middle East.